On the July 2nd presentation of Squawk Box, Parler ($PARLER) CEO John Matze batted away charges that his microblogging app catered to hate-speechifiers and asocial personalities. As these things go, Matze did an okay-enough job under tough questioning from the CNBC host, and in the end, nobody learned much. Matze stated that Parler simply trusts in the “goodness of the American people”, and that if the “crazies” want to join his app and embarrass themselves, having a dialogue with them is worthwhile too. The host asked Matze to denounce his user base and basically destroy his credibility in their eyes, which of course Matze declined to do. Don’t we love modern discourse?
The same day, I anticipated that Parler would struggle as its right-wing base left Twitter and shut themselves out from the wider range of content such sites have to offer, creating a kind of conservative echo chamber. Users are already noting this problem, with Jack Posobiec and a few other high-profile conservatives grumbling that Parler is more like a 24/7 Trump rally than a platform for true social exchange. As much as the over 3 million users on the platform love Trump, you can understand how that could get old pretty quick. Half the fun for conservatives is making fun of liberals, and few so far have joined the site. No one has taken the $20,000 prize that Matze has offered to any liberal pundit that joins the site, forcing Parleyers to copy-and-paste their takes from Twitter.
Parler has seen a lot of buzz so far, but its engagement stats are evening out around 140,000 followers, and the Apple Store review count at 10,400. Take this with some core issues on the platform, and these are warning signs of a traffic bubble set to burst.
To kick the tires and get a fuller sense of the ‘virtual town square’’s market potential, I spent a few despondent days clicking around Parler’s platform. Here are some of my observations:
The reports are accurate: Parler has a monoculture problem, and it's hard to see a way out.
In a daily cycle, the Parler community picks a topic that makes them incredibly angry and runs with it. The resulting discourse isn’t really that - hundreds of people with the exact same take on a topic shout disconnected thought fragments into the void. The next day, it all starts again.
You might say Twitter has a similar issue, and you would be partially right. But without reporters, news crews, disinterested observers, or an opposing viewpoint to ground anything, the monotony of Parler worse by an order of magnitude. Consider the way the platform was discussing the Black Lives Matter movement on July 6th:
There isn’t much room for nuanced discussion when the jumping off point for the entire platform is #blmterrorists and #blmthugs, the latter of which features Parlayers knowingly using a dog whistle en masse. Though #defundblm sounds like it could be some kind of policy discussion, it actually refers to the conspiracy that BLM protests all over the world are being financed by a cabal of globalists who want to destroy America.
This crass framing is incredibly far removed from mainstream opinions on the topic, with a majority of Americans supporting the BLM movement in 2020. A Rasmussen poll found that figure to be 62% of likely voters, which beats Donald Trump’s approval rating by 22 points at the time of writing.
Thus, you have to wonder what a non-conservative, let alone a liberal journalist, has to gain from joining this conversation (besides the $20,000). The ideas available on Parler aren’t “challenging”, as the right packages such goods. They are inscrutable and un-related to the things normal people care about. A good comparison for the quality of discourse would be the recently-banned r/The_Donald subreddit. Parler is r/The_Donald with even less original content - its posts are not meant for outside eyes, yet it’s users gesture constantly to the outside. That’s fine for a subreddit, but severely limiting for an app like Parler, whose business model will depend on advertisers reaching broad audiences.
Adding to these issues, the laser focus on the hot-button issue of the day also leaves the platform particularly vulnerable to spam. Many accounts seek out trending hashtags and stamp them on every tweet, along with whatever their own message is, no matter how disconnected. Twitter arranges tweets this way too… if you click the trending hashtag. Parler plops it right on your screen, regardless.
User @pearlsoutofonyx is one of many accounts that deploys this strategy, gaming Parler’s algorithm to be placed at the top of everyone’s newsfeed, despite their 17 followers. Under a flurry of hashtags such as #stopwhitegenocide and #itsnotokaytobegay, the user recently posted a portrait meant to honor the life of Eljah McClain, the 23-year-old black man who was tragically killed by police in 2019. The only message, besides the cruel hashtags, is a middle finger emoji.
John Matze has pushed this hashtag himself, both in his statement on Squawk Box and on his own Parler account. Matze of course refers to powerful executives like Mr. Dorsey, who would use their platform to silence conservatives. This will probably be a topic of interest for the foreseeable future, as Parler continues to stake out the space of a more “patriotic” alternative to Twitter. Matze’s handle is @John, a nod to Jack Dorsey of Twitter’s @jack.
Matze and his investors are leaning hard on this right wing/libertarian ethos, at the risk of alienating non-conservatives who don’t quite buy Parler’s framing. In a June 6th op-ed, angel investor Jeffrey Wernick congratulated himself for the solemn responsibility of funding Parler, saying technology like it “provides us the best chance to break free from the cycle of tyranny and liberate humankind.” Unfortunately for him, most Americans just don’t see the same historic importance in his investment. It’s a whole lot of ideological baggage to take on, when all Jeff is talking about is joining an app.
Jacob says he’s officially leaving Parler!— The Jacob Wohl Report (@JacobWohlReport) June 29, 2020
Wohl was unverified on Parler a little while ago, so he’s decided to pout about it
Now he’s “only” on Gab/Telegram/Instagram
In all fairness, he is actually pretty right about the terms of service and basic functionality improvements pic.twitter.com/II9QeJS07k
Fraudster Jacob Wohl, who has made a name for himself falsifying scandalous stories about his political rivals, complained last month that Parler hadn’t improved its services since he had joined the platform a year ago. This, and Wohl’s claim that Parler unverified his account without explanation, were his stated reasons for stepping away from the platform. Though I cannot speak to the veracity of Wohl’s other claims. I can definitely attest to the shakier aspects of Parler v2.25’s functionality.
In this delicate time, with thousands of new users joining everyday, Parler just isn’t running smoothly. The platform’s search bar glitches about 1 out of every 4 search attempts, making the user wait as the results page refreshes and jumps around trying to complete the request. Parler’s ‘echo’ function, a clone of Twitter's retweet, brings up a stubborn, hard-to-navigate page with a blocky design reminiscent of Facebook in 2013. Parler also lacks a ready-made ‘embed’ function, meaning users will not be able to direct outside traffic its way anytime soon (hence the screenshots in this piece). This helps explain why their URL share count is evening out as well, hovering around 51,000.
But the most egregious functionality gap is near fatal in my opinion: Neither the web version of Parler nor the iPhone app allows users to search for specific words or phrases, with searches limited only to a directory of other users and hashtags.
This omission severely limits the user’s ability to find any kind of specific content without searching through the profiles of every person they follow. It also means that big accounts who post the most frequently are going to comprise a healthy majority of what the user sees. Though I followed hundreds of accounts as a test, I couldn’t escape the bombardment of shrill, doofy content from Laura Loomer and Dan Bongino, as if the entire community were just these two.
Loomer was banned from Twitter and Facebook for baselessly calling congresswoman Ilhan Omar (D-Minn.) “anti-Jewish” and “pro-Sharia”, and is now running for congress in Florida’s 21st District. Dan Bongino is an ex-NRA TV host who claims an “ownership stake” in Parler. Here, he is full of crocodile tears for the violence New York City saw over the holiday weekend.
There is an argument to be made that the Bongino-friendly algorithm is a form of censorship or “whitelisting” as serious as any offense Parlayers are accusing Twitter of. You can’t look up a topic unless it's formally approved by a trending hashtag, and likely won’t find a small user’s account unless someone with a big account echos something they Parlayed. Sure, you can say whatever you want, but if you’re among the majority of accounts, your words are going straight to Nowhere. Is that really a more meaningful kind of free speech? The “virtual town square” is more like a bunch of atomized townsfolk subscribing to each other's newsletters.
What could be the thinking behind this choice? I have a guess, but it’s not charitable. It's easier to bury your platform’s awful content from the general public if you can’t search for keywords. Maybe there is some stuff that Matze, Bongino, and Co. are still uncomfortable being associated with.
In cases like this, many new users are likely to become frustrated with the platform and head back to whatever they were using before. Twitter’s algorithm is far from perfect, but it doesn’t flood your screen with racist spam, and it generally spreads out posts so that you aren’t hearing from the same few people over and over again. A good algorithm takes time to figure out, but now would be the time for Parler to get on it. There is a good chance that Parler’s engagement stats are already about to reach its peak, as even its users are complaining about how monotonous the experience is. Excluding the possibility of a seed change event, the platform will start leaking active users as quickly as it's been gaining them.
Looking beyond stockholder concerns, I don’t think there is much to Parler in terms of social value. I omitted plenty of material because the lazy, racist, reactionary thinking illustrated nothing, stood for nothing, did nothing. Maybe there is some social good in tucking that stuff away in an unsearchable part of the internet.
A silver lining in terms of content. Some of the ads aren’t the worst:
The ads on Parler are pretty good so far. pic.twitter.com/LamlgF0LSR— Will Sommer (@willsommer) June 26, 2020